Seniors and those with underlying medical conditions, including 5 pre-existing conditions are considered most at risk for developing serious complications from the virus.
People of color are also disproportionately impacted by COVID-19. Many social determinants of health are key drivers of health inequalities. Some examples of social determinants of health include:
- Increased likelihood of working jobs considered “essential” which increases risk of exposure.
- Tendency to live in multigenerational households in densely populated areas which makes social distancing difficult.
- Under-representation in biomedical research.
- Disproportionate vulnerability to comorbidities due to impaired access to healthcare facilities and grocery stores with nutritious food options.
- Overrepresentation in jails, prisons, and detention centers.
For these reasons, counties and states are introducing measures to declare racism a public health crisis.